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St. James Anglican Church Registered Heritage Structure

St. James Anglican Church, Carbonear, NL
St. James Anglican Church, Carbonear, NL
St. James Anglican Church, Carbonear, NL

Statement of Significance

Formal Recognition Type

Registered Heritage Structure

Description of Historic Place

Built in 1860 during the episcopacy of Bishop Edward Feild, St. James Anglican Church is a two storey wooden church designed in the Gothic Revival style. Located on a hill overlooking the town of Carbonear, NL, St. James Anglican Church has been an important landmark in the community since its construction. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

St. James Anglican Church was designated a Registered Heritage Structure by the Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador in 2001 due to its aesthetic and historic value.

St. James Anglican Church has aesthetic value as it is an excellent example of the Gothic Revival style as adapted in small churches in Newfoundland and Labrador. This church represents a simplified version of Gothic Revival and elements such as the exposed timber framing on the interior of the church embody the style of design inspired by Tractarian practices. Built by the people of Carbonear, this sturdy structure has withstood exposure to the elements and is a testament to the quality of the local craftsmanship at the time of construction.

St. James Anglican Church is an good example of a typical small High Anglican church built in rural Newfoundland during the Victorian period. In particular, the layout of the church is representative of this period. There is a bell tower with a steeple at the west end of the nave and an intricate high lancet arched roof on the interior of the church. Furthermore, there are Gothic stained glass windows throughout the church as well as elaborate tracery in a number of windows.

St. James Anglican Church has further aesthetic value as it is a focal point of the built landscape of Carbonear and can be seen from both land and sea.

St. James Anglican Church has historic value because of its long standing role as the centre of the Anglican parish that serves Harbour Grace and Carbonear. Commissioned by Bishop Edward Feild in 1852, the church is an important reflection of Bishop Feild’s work to expand the Anglican community in Newfoundland and Labrador. Bishop Feild had an important influence on religious, political and educational life of Newfoundland and Labrador during his episcopacy. The introduction of the Gothic Revival style was the architectural expression of Bishop Feild’s Tractarian views. A rural High Anglican Church, St. James Church represents the efforts at High Anglicanism of Bishop Feild during his episcopacy

Source: Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador property file “Carbonear - St. James Anglican Church – FPT 1509”

Character Defining Elements

All those interior and exterior features that are representative of the ecclesiastical Gothic Revival style of architecture, including:
-lancet windows, tracery, and stained glass;
-interior exposed timber ceiling;
-location and context of the church within the Carbonear landscape;
-bell tower;
-steep pitched gable roof of nave;
-use of narrow reveal wooden clapboard on the building exterior, and;
-building height, massing, dimensions and size.

Location and History

Community Carbonear
Municipality Town of Carbonear
Civic Address 013 Bond St.
Construction 1860 - 1864
Style Gothic Revival
Building Plan Cruciform